Space representation of stochastic processes with delay
Authors: S.R.Dahmen, H.Hinrichsen, W. Kinzel

We show that a time series $x_t$ evolving by a non-local update rule $x_t = f (x_{t-n},x_{t-k})$ with two different delays k smaller then n can be mapped onto a local process in two dimensions with special time-delayed boundary conditions provided that $n$ and $k$ are coprime. For certain stochastic update rules exhibiting a non-equilibrium phase transition this mapping implies that the critical behavior does not depend on the short delay $k$. In these cases, the autocorrelation function of the time series is related to the critical properties of directed percolation.