Thermodynamics of driven systems (R. Mahnke et al)

Thermodynamics of traffic flow is discussed. As particular example, Bando's optimal velocity model in terms of accelerating and decelerating forces is considered. It allows to introduce kinetic, potential as well as total energy, which is the internal energy of the car system in view of thermodynamics. Ref.: R. Mahnke et al., Applications of thermodynamics to driven systems, Eur. Phys. J. B (2007), online 29 June 2007