The cache manager (cachemgr.cgi) is a CGI utility for displaying statistics about the memory usage of a running Squid process. It is also a more convenient way to manage the cache and view statistics without logging the server.
First, a running Web server on your system is required. Configure
Apache as described in Chapter 32, The Apache HTTP Server. To check if
Apache is already running, as
root enter the command
If a message like this appears:
Checking for service httpd: OK Server uptime: 1 day 18 hours 29 minutes 39 seconds
Apache is running on the machine. Otherwise, enter
start to start Apache with
the openSUSE default settings.
The last step to set it up is to copy the file
cachemgr.cgi to the Apache directory
cp /usr/share/doc/packages/squid/scripts/cachemgr.cgi /srv/www/cgi-bin/
There are some default settings in the original file required for the cache manager. First, two ACLs are defined then http_access options use these ACLs to grant access from the CGI script to Squid. The first ACL is the most important, because the cache manager tries to communicate with Squid over the cache_object protocol.
acl manager proto cache_object acl localhost src 127.0.0.1/255.255.255.255
The following rules give Apache the access rights to Squid:
http_access allow manager localhost http_access deny manager
These rules assume that the Web server and Squid are running on the same machine. If the communication between the cache manager and Squid originates at the Web server on another computer, include an extra ACL as in Example 31.2, “Access Rules”.
Example 31.2. Access Rules
acl manager proto cache_object acl localhost src 127.0.0.1/255.255.255.255 acl webserver src 192.168.1.7/255.255.255.255 # webserver IP
Then add the rules in Example 31.3, “Access Rules” to permit access from the Web server.
Example 31.3. Access Rules
http_access allow manager localhost http_access allow manager webserver http_access deny manager
Configure a password for the manager for access to more options, like
closing the cache remotely or viewing more information about the cache.
For this, configure the entry
a password for the manager and the list of options to view. This list
appears as a part of the entry comments in
Restart Squid every time the configuration file
is changed. Do this easily with